GREAT ART - Religious Art

Cenni di Pepo Cimabue - (1251 – 1302)

Cenni di Pepo (Giovanni) Cimabue (before 1251 – 1302), also known as Bencivieni di Pepo or in modern Italian, Benvenuto di Giuseppe, was an Italian painter and creator of mosaics fom Florence.
Cimabue is generally regarded as the last great Italian painter working in the Byzantine tradition.
The art of this period comprised scenes and forms that appeared relatively flat and highly stylized.
Cimabue was a pioneer in the move towards naturalism, as his figures were depicted with rather more life-like proportions and shading.
Even though he was a pioneer in that move, his painting Maesta shows Medieval techniques and characteristics.
The painting is commonly regarded as a painting which exemplified the Middle Ages.
He is also well known for his student Giotto, considered the first great artist of the Italian Renaissance.

Michelangelo Buonarroti  -  (1475-1564)

Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni - (6 March 1475 – 18 February 1564), commonly known as Michelangelo, was an Italian Renaissance painter, sculptor, architect, poet, and engineer.
Despite making few forays beyond the arts, his versatility in the disciplines he took up was of such a high order that he is often considered a contender for the title of the archetypal Renaissance man, along with his rival and fellow Italian, Leonardo da Vinci.
Michelangelo's output in every field during his long life was prodigious; when the sheer volume of correspondence, sketches, and reminiscences that survive is also taken into account, he is the best-documented artist of the 16th century. Two of his best-known works, the Pietà and David, were sculpted before he turned thirty.
Despite his low opinion of painting, Michelangelo also created two of the most influential works in fresco in the history of Western art: the scenes from Genesis on the ceiling and The Last Judgment on the altar wall of the Sistine Chapel in Rome. As an architect, Michelangelo pioneered the Mannerist style at the Laurentian Library.
At 74 he succeeded Antonio da Sangallo the Younger as the architect of Saint Peter's Basilica.
Michelangelo transformed the plan, the western end being finished to Michelangelo's design, the dome being completed after his death with some modification.
In a demonstration of Michelangelo's unique standing, he was the first Western artist whose biography was published while he was alive.
Two biographies were published of him during his lifetime; one of them, by Giorgio Vasari, proposed that he was the pinnacle of all artistic achievement since the beginning of the Renaissance, a viewpoint that continued to have currency in art history for centuries.
In his lifetime he was also often called Il Divino ("the divine one").
One of the qualities most admired by his contemporaries was his terribilità, a sense of awe-inspiring grandeur, and it was the attempts of subsequent artists to imitate Michelangelo's impassioned and highly personal style that resulted in Mannerism, the next major movement in Western art after the High Renaissance.

(Sistine Chapel Ceiling - Rome)
Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni  -  (1475-1564)

Leonardo da Vinci

The Salvator Mundi (saviour of the World) was commissioned by Louis XII of France in 1506 and Leonardo had finished the work by 1513. The image of Christ giving his blessing to the world was a popular subject in French and Flemish art and the half-length pose is typical of the era. 
On the death of his wife the painting was donated, by Louis, to a religious order who had connections with his wife, in Nantes. A century later Henrietta Maria, Queen of England, saw the painting in 1650 (the year after her husband Charles I was executed) she asked the artist Wenceslaus Hollar to make an etching of the work to add to her collection.
In the 19th century the convent that possessed the painting was dissolved and the Salvator Mundi was sold to Baron de Lareinty of Paris. After subsequent sales the work came into the possession of the Marquis de Ganay. 

Leonardo da Vinci

This version of 'The Madonna of the Rocks' - undoubtedly superior to that in Paris, is in the National Gallery, and was probably painted before 1508.
Originally thought to have been partially painted by da Vinci's assistants, recent studies have revealed that it may have been painted by da Vinci alone.
It was painted for the chapel of the Confraternity of the Immaculate Conception, in the church of San Francesco Maggiore in Milan.
It was sold by the church, very likely in 1781, and certainly by 1785, when it was bought by Gavin Hamilton, who took it to England.
After passing through various collections, it was bought by the National Gallery in 1880.
In June 2005, infra-red reflectogram imaging revealed a previous painting beneath the visible one.
This is believed to portray a woman kneeling possibly holding a child with one hand with the other hand outstretched.
Some researchers believe that the artist's original intention was to paint an adoration of the infant Jesus.
Many other pentimenti are visible under x-ray or infra-red examination.
In 2009/2010 the painting underwent cleaning and conservation work, returning to display in July 2010.

Annibale Carracci - (1583-84)

Hendrickter Brugghen

Nicolas Regnier

Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino - Raphael

Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino (April 6 or March 28, 1483 – April 6, 1520), better known simply as Raphael, was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance, celebrated for the perfection and grace of his paintings and drawings. Together with Michelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci, he forms the traditional trinity of great masters of that period.
Raphael was enormously productive, running an unusually large workshop, and despite his death at thirty-seven, a large body of his work remains.
Many of his works are found in the Apostolic Palace of The Vatican, where the frescoed Raphael Rooms were the central, and the largest, work of his career.
The best known work is The School of Athens in the Vatican Stanza della Segnatura.
After his early years in Rome, much of his work was designed by him and executed largely by the workshop from his drawings, with considerable loss of quality.
He was extremely influential in his lifetime, though outside Rome his work was mostly known from his collaborative printmaking.
After his death, the influence of his great rival Michelangelo was more widespread until the 18th and 19th centuries, when Raphael's more serene and harmonious qualities were again regarded as the highest models.

(The Immaculate Conception)
Bartolomé Esteban Murillo

Bartolomé Esteban Murillo (born late December 1617, baptised January 1, 1618 – April 3, 1682) was a Spanish Baroque painter.
Although he is best known for his religious works, Murillo also produced a considerable number of paintings of contemporary women and children.
These lively, realist portraits of flower girls, street urchins, and beggars constitute an extensive and appealing record of the everyday life of his times.
Murillo began his art studies under Juan del Castillo in Seville.
Murillo became familiar with Flemish painting; the great commercial importance of Seville at the time ensured that he was also subject to influences from other regions.
His first works were influenced by Zurbarán, Jusepe de Riberaand Alonzo Cano, and he shared their strongly realist approach.
As his painting developed, his more important works evolved towards the polished style that suited the bourgeois and aristocratic tastes of the time, demonstrated especially in his Roman Catholic religious works.
In 1642, at the age of 26 he moved to Madrid, where he most likely became familiar with the work of Velázquez, and would have seen the work of Venetian and Flemish masters in the royal collections; the rich colors and softly modeled forms of his subsequent work suggest these influences.
He returned to Seville in 1645. In that year, he painted thirteen canvases for the monastery of St. Francisco el Grande in Seville which gave his reputation a well-deserved boost.
Following the completion of a pair of pictures for the Seville Cathedral, he began to specialize in the themes that brought him his greatest successes, the Virgin and Child, and the Immaculate Conception.
After another period in Madrid, from 1658 to 1660, he returned to Seville, where he died.
Here he was one of the founders of the Academia de Bellas Artes (Academy of Art), sharing its direction, in 1660, with the architect, Francisco Herrera the Younger.
This was his period of greatest activity, and he received numerous important commissions, among them the altarpieces for the Augustinian monastery, the paintings for Santa María la Blanca (completed in 1665), and others.

Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres  -  (1780-1867)

Jean Auguste Dominique Ingres (29 August 1780 – 14 January 1867) was a French Neoclassical painter.
Although he considered himself to be a painter of history in the tradition of Nicolas Poussin and Jacques-Louis David, by the end of his life it was Ingres's portraits, both painted and drawn, that were recognized as his greatest legacy.
A man profoundly respectful of the past, he assumed the role of a guardian of academic orthodoxy against the ascendant Romantic style represented by his nemesis Eugène Delacroix.
His exemplars, he once explained, were "the great masters which flourished in that century of glorious memory when Raphael set the eternal and incontestable bounds of the sublime in art ... I am thus a conservator of good doctrine, and not an innovator."
Nevertheless, modern opinion has tended to regard Ingres and the other Neoclassicists of his era as embodying the Romantic spirit of his time, while his expressive distortions of form and space make him an important precursor of modern art.

'ABEL  TOD' - (1790)
Francois-Xavier Fabre

François-Xavier Fabre (1766-1837) was awarded the Grand Prix in late August 1787 and arrived in Rome on 10th December.
In August 1790, the director Menageot reported that he was most pleased with the skech for Fabre's Death of Abel. Having won the Grand Prix, Girodet arrived that same month in Rome.
The source for the composition is the engraving by Le Villain after Adam mourning Abel by J. Karl Loth, included in the first volume of Tableaux, Statues, Bas-Reliefs et Camées de la Galerie de Florence et du Palais Pitti (I789).
The iconographical particularity of Loth's painting, the death of Abel shown to occur immediately following the brothers' sacrifices, is repeated, but only the figure of Abel is retained, who now assumes the role of victim on the sacrificial altar.
Abel is an image of perfect beauty and goodness, an unblemished pale figure outlined against the twilight darkness of nature.

William-Adolphe Bouguereau  -  (1825-1905)

William-Adolphe Bouguereau  -  (1825-1905)

Charles Francisque Raub

Arthur Hacker

William-Adolphe Bouguereau  -  (1825-1905)

William-Adolphe Bouguereau  -  (1825-1905)

William-Adolphe Bouguereau  -  (1825-1905)

'ECCE  HOMO'  -   (1880)
Antonio Ciseri

Antonio Ciseri (October 25, 1821 – March 8, 1891) was a Swiss painter of religious subjects.
Ciseri was born in Ronco sopra Ascona in the canton of Ticino in Switzerland. In 1833 he moved with his father to Florence.
He was admitted in 1834 to the Accademia di Belle Arti, where he trained under Niccola Benvenuti.
In 1849, he began offering instruction to young painters, and eventually ran a private art school. Among his earliest students was Silvestro Lega.
Ciseri's religious paintings are Raphaelesque in their compositional outlines and their polished surfaces, but are nearly photographic in effect.
He fulfilled many important commissions from churches in Italy and Switzerland.
Ciseri also painted a significant number of portraits.
He died in Florence on March 8, 1891.

William-Adolphe Bouguereau  -  (1825-1905)

Eugène Delacroix

Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins  -  (1844-1916)

Thomas Cowperthwait Eakins (July 25, 1844 – June 25, 1916) was an American realist painter, photographer, sculptor, and fine arts educator.
He is widely acknowledged to be one of the most important artists in American art history.
For the length of his professional career, from the early 1870s until his health began to fail some forty years later, Eakins worked exactingly from life.
Eakins produced a number of large paintings which brought the portrait out of the drawing room and into the offices, streets, parks, rivers, arenas, and surgical amphitheaters of his city.
These active outdoor venues allowed him to paint the subject which most inspired him: the nude or lightly clad figure in motion.
In the process he could model the forms of the body in full sunlight, and create images of deep space utilizing his studies in perspective.
No less important in Eakins' life was his work as a teacher. As an instructor he was a highly influential presence in American art.
Eakins also took a keen interest in the new technologies of motion photography, a field in which he is now seen as an innovator.
Eakins was a controversial figure whose work received little by way of official recognition during his lifetime.
Since his death, he has been celebrated by American art historians as "the strongest, most profound realist in nineteenth-and early-twentieth-century American art".

Franz  von  Stuck  -  (1844-1916)

Franz Stuck (February 24, 1863 - August 30, 1928) was a German symbolist/Art Nouveau painter, sculptor, engraver, and architect.
Stuck was born at Tettenweis, in Bavaria.From an early age he displayed an affinity for drawing and caricature.
To begin his artistic education in 1878 he went to Munich, where he would settle for life.
From 1881 to 1885 Stuck attended the Munich Academy.
He first made a name with cartoons for Fliegende Blätter, and vignette designs for programmes and book decoration.
In 1889 he exhibited his first paintings at the Munich Glass Palace, winning a gold medal for 'The Guardian of Paradise'.
In 1892 Stuck co-founded the Munich Secession, and also executed his first sculpture, 'Athlete'.
The following year he won further acclaim with the critical and public success of what is now his most famous work, 'The Sin'. Also in 1893, Stuck was awarded a gold medal for painting at the Chicago World's Fair and was appointed to a royal professorship.
In 1895 he began teaching painting at the Munich Academy.
In 1897 Stuck married an American widow, Mary Lindpainter, and began work designing his own residence and studio, the Villa Stuck.
His designs for the villa included everything from layout to interior decorations; for his furniture Stuck received another gold medal at the 1900 Paris World Exposition.Having attained a high degree of fame by this time, Stuck was elevated to the aristocracy on December 9, 1905 and would receive further public honours from around Europe during the remainder of his life.
Even as new trends in art left Stuck behind, he continued to be highly respected among young artists in his capacity as professor at the Munich Academy.
Notable students of his over the years include Paul Klee, Hans Purrmann, Wassily Kandinsky, and Josef Albers.
Franz von Stuck died in 1928.


Giacomo Piazzetta

Lovis Corinth - (1885 - 1925)

Lovis Corinth (21 July 1858 – 17 July 1925) was a German painter and printmaker whose mature work realized a synthesis of impressionism and expressionism.
Corinth studied in Paris and Munich, joined the Berlin Secession group, later succeeding Max Liebermann as the group's president.
His early work was naturalistic in approach.
Corinth was initially antagonistic towards the expressionist movement, but after a stroke in 1911 his style loosened and took on many expressionistic qualities.
His use of color became more vibrant, and he created portraits and landscapes of extraordinary vitality and power.
Corinth's subject matter also included nudes and biblical scenes.

Lovis Corinth - (1885 - 1925)

GOLGOTHA - (1933)
Johann Kluska - (1904 - 1973)

(digitally restored - the original paint surface is badly damaged)

(The Good Thief and the Evil Thief)
Albrecht Durer 

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio (Italian pronunciation: [kara'vadd?o]; 29 September 1571 – 18 July 1610) was an Italian artist active in Rome, Naples, Malta, and Sicily between 1593 and 1610.
His paintings, which combine a realistic observation of the human state, both physical and emotional, with a dramatic use of lighting, had a formative influence on the Baroque school of painting.
Caravaggio trained as a painter in Milan under a master who had himself trained under Titian. In his early twenties Caravaggio moved to Rome where, during the late 16th and early 17th centuries, many huge new churches and palazzi were being built and paintings were needed to fill them.
During the Counter-Reformation the Roman Catholic Church searched for religious art with which to counter the threat of Protestantism, and for this task the artificial conventions of Mannerism, which had ruled art for almost a century, no longer seemed adequate.
Caravaggio's novelty was a radical naturalism that combined close physical observation with a dramatic, even theatrical, use of chiaroscuro.
This came to be known as Tenebrism, the shift from light to dark with little intermediate value. He burst upon the Rome art scene in 1600 with the success of his first public commissions, the Martyrdom of Saint Matthew and Calling of Saint Matthew.
Thereafter he never lacked commissions or patrons, yet he handled his success atrociously. He was jailed on several occasions, vandalized his own apartment, and ultimately had a death warrant issued for him by the Pope.
An early published notice on him, dating from 1604 and describing his lifestyle three years previously, tells how "after a fortnight's work he will swagger about for a month or two with a sword at his side and a servant following him, from one ball-court to the next, ever ready to engage in a fight or an argument, so that it is most awkward to get along with him."
In 1606 he killed a young man in a brawl and fled from Rome with a price on his head.
He was involved in a brawl in Malta in 1608, and another in Naples in 1609, possibly a deliberate attempt on his life by unidentified enemies.
This encounter left him severely injured.
A year later, at the age of 38, he died of a fever in Porto Ercole, near Grosseto in Tuscany, while on his way to Rome to receive a pardon.
Infamous while he lived, Caravaggio was forgotten almost immediately after his death, and it was only in the 20th century that his importance to the development of Western art was rediscovered.
Despite this, his influence on the new Baroque style that eventually emerged from the ruins of Mannerism was profound. It can be seen directly or indirectly in the work of Rubens, Jusepe de Ribera, Bernini, and Rembrandt, and artists in the following generation heavily under his influence were called the "Caravaggisti" or "Caravagesques", as well as Tenebrists or "Tenebrosi" ("shadowists").
Andre Berne-Joffroy, Paul Valéry's secretary, said of him: "What begins in the work of Caravaggio is, quite simply, modern painting."

Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio


Arnold Böcklin - (1827–1901)

William-Adolphe Bouguereau  -  (1825-1905)

William-Adolphe Bouguereau  -  (1825-1905)

Edward Burne-Jones

Edward Burne-Jones

'CRUCIFIXION'  -  (Detail)
Max  Klinger  -  (1857-1920)

Max Klinger (February 18, 1857 – July 5, 1920) was a German Symbolist painter, sculptor and printmaker.
Klinger was born in Leipzig and studied in Karlsruhe.
An admirer of the etchings of Menzel and Goya, he shortly became a skilled and imaginative engraver in his own right.
Klinger traveled extensively around the art centres of Europe for years before returning to Leipzig in 1893.
From 1897 he mostly concentrated on sculpture; his marble statue of Beethoven was an integral part of the Vienna Secession exhibit of 1902.
Klinger was cited by many artists (notably Giorgio de Chirico) as being a major link between the Symbolist movement of the 19th century and the start of the metaphysical and Surrealist movements of the 20th century.

Max  Klinger  -  (1857-1920)

Mario  Donizetti

Mario  Donizetti

Krestniy Khod in Kursk Gubernia (1880-1883)


The record of the daughter of Jairus is a combination of miracles of Jesus in the Gospels (Mark 5:21–43, Matthew 9:18–26, Luke 8:40–56).
The story immediately follows the exorcism at Gerasa.
Jairus, a patron of the synagogue, asks Jesus to heal his dying daughter, however, according to Matthew, his daughter is already dead, not dying.
As they travel to Jairus's house, a sick woman in the crowd touches Jesus' cloak and is healed of her sickness. This is called the miracle of Christ healing the bleeding woman.
Meanwhile the daughter dies, but Jesus continues to the house and brings her back to life, or in his own words, awakens her.
In Mark's account, the Aramaic phrase "Talitha Koum" - (ταλιθα κουμ) - and meaning, "Little girl, I say to you, get up!") is attributed to Jesus.

William-Adolphe Bouguereau  -  (1825-1905)

William-Adolphe Bouguereau  -  (1825-1905)

William-Adolphe Bouguereau  -  (1825-1905)

(The Virgin Mary - 1885-1887)
Joaquin Sorolla y Bastida - (1863-1923)

'MADONNA  &  CHILD' - (1908)
Marianne Stokes

Marianne Stokes (1855 Graz, Styria – August 1927 London), born Marianne Preindlsberger in the Austrian province of Styria, was an Austrian painter.
She settled in England after her marriage to Adrian Scott Stokes (1854-1935), the landscape painter, whom she had met in Pont-Aven.
Marianne Stokes was considered one of the leading artists in Victorian England. 
Preindlsberger first studied in Munich under Lindenschmidt and having been awarded a scholarship for her first picture, 'Muttergluck', she worked in France under Pascal Adolphe Jean Dagnan-Bouveret (1852-1929), Colin and Gustave Courtois (1853-1923).
She painted in the countryside and Paris, and, as with many other young painters, fell under the spell of the rustic naturalist Jules Bastien-Lepage.
Her style continued to show his influence even when her subject matter changed from rustic to medieval romantic and biblical. 
While in France she met the Finnish painter Helene Schjerfbeck, in whose company she visited Pont-Aven in 1883.
Her first salon painting, 'Reflection', which had been painted in Brittany, was exhibited in 1885 at the Royal Academy.
Her work was also shown at the Grosvenor Gallery, New Gallery, and the Society of British Artists and in 1885, a year after her marriage, she took to using the name 'Mrs. Adrian Stokes'. She held a joint exhibition with her husband at the Fine Art Society in 1900. 
The Stokes' lived in St Ives where Marianne was a member of the Newlyn School.
Having no children, they regularly travelled abroad, frequently to the Tyrol, and in 1905 to Slovakia and the High Tatra. Here they spent about half a year sketching and painting in the villages of Važec, Mengusovce and Ždiar.
Adrian Stokes concentrated on landscapes with images of hay-harvesting and picturesque cottages, while Marianne Stokes painted portraits showing fine detail of the garments.
These paintings provide a valuable record of the Slovak culture.
After abandoning oils, and inspired by the Pre-Raphaelite movement, she painted flat compositions in tempera and gesso, her paintings giving the impression of being frescoes on plaster surfaces.
She was an Associate of the Royal Society of Painters in Water Colours.

(Dante & Virgil in Hell)
William-Adolphe Bouguereau -  (1825-1905)

Luc-Olivier Merson - (1846-1920)

Luc-Olivier Merson (21 May 1846 – 13 November 1920) was a French academic painter and illustrator also known for his postage stamp and currency designs.
Born Nicolas Luc-Olivier Merson in Paris, France, he grew up in an artistic household, the son of Charles-Olivier Merson, a painter and art critic. He studied under Gustave Chassevent at the École de Dessin and then Isidore Pils at the École des Beaux-Arts. Merson had his first work exhibited at the Paris Salon in 1866 and three years later was awarded the Prix de Rome. During the five years spent working in Italy, he concentrated on religious and historical subjects for his art.
Back in France, in 1875 he won the first-prize medal at the exhibition by the Société des artistes français. "Nôtre-Dame de Paris," one of Merson's best known paintings, was created in 1881 as a result of the huge popularity of the Victor Hugo novel of the same name.
With its mystical Gothic imagery, its style reflects the influence of the then evolving Symbolist movement.
Merson did major decorative commissions for such institutions as the Palais de Justice, the Louis Pasteur Museum, and the mosaic in the chancel vault in the Basilica of the Sacré Cœur.
He also did the artwork for stained glass windows, an example of which can be found in the Church of the Holy Trinity Rittenhouse Square in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
His profile was raised considerably after being awarded a gold medal for his painting at the 1889 Exposition Universelle, and in 1892 he was elected to the Académie des beaux-arts.

Arthur Hacker-1858-1919

click here for more information about  'Parsifal'
Wagner's greatest music-drama

Salvador Domènec Felip Jacint Dalí i Domènech, Marquis of Dalí de Púbol

Salvador Dalí was a prominent Spanish Catalan surrealist painter born in Figueres.
Dalí was a skilled draftsman, best known for the striking and bizarre images in his surrealist work.
His painterly skills are often attributed to the influence of Renaissance masters.
Dalí's expansive artistic repertoire includes film, sculpture, and photography, in collaboration with a range of artists in a variety of media.
Dalí attributed his "love of everything that is gilded and excessive, my passion for luxury and my love of oriental clothes"  to a self-styled "Arab lineage," claiming that his ancestors were descended from the Moors.
Dalí was highly imaginative, and also had an affinity for partaking in unusual and grandiose behavior.
His eccentric manner and attention-grabbing public actions sometimes drew more attention than his artwork to the dismay of those who held his work in high esteem and to the irritation of his critics.
On January 23, 1989, while his favorite record of Tristan and Isolde played, he died of heart failure at Figueres at the age of 84, and, coming full circle, is buried in the crypt of his Teatro Museo in Figueres.

(Saint James the Great)
Salvador Dali

Vittorio  Carvelli

This is a modern interpretation of a crucifixion which conforms to the most recent research, with Carvelli showing the victims nailed through his wrists, and all three condemned prisoners crucified naked, as was the Roman custom.

(The Black Virgin)
Antonin MercIé (1845 - 1916)

Ivo Saliger


'REGINA PACIS' - (1943)
Ulisse Sartini

Roberto Ferri

Roberto Ferri 

Niels Osthorst


Blair Parkinson

'ST  SEBASTIAN' - (1960)
Peter Colstee

'ST  SEBASTIAN' - (1960)
Peter Colstee

Maurice Heerdink

Kevin Raye Larson

Vittorio Carvelli

Vittorio Carvelli

Kevin Raye Larson

Ἀββᾶς Ἀντώνιος 'LE  TENTAZIONI  DI  S.  ANTONIO'
(The  Temptations of St  Anthony)
Giorgio Dante

Anthony the Great or Antony the Great (c. 251–356),  also known as Saint Anthony, Anthony the Abbot, Anthony of Egypt, Anthony of the Desert, Anthony the Anchorite, Abba Antonius, and Father of All Monks, was a Christian saint from Egypt, a prominent leader among the Desert Fathers.
He is celebrated in many churches on his feast days: 17 January in the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church; and (January 30) in the Coptic Orthodox Church, the Coptic Catholic Church and the Russian Orthodox Church
The biography of Anthony's life by Athanasius of Alexandria helped to spread the concept of monasticism, particularly in Western Europe through Latin translations.
He is often erroneously considered the first monk, but as his biography and other sources make clear, there were many ascetics before him. Anthony was, however, the first known ascetic going into the wilderness.
According to Athanasius, the devil fought St. Anthony by afflicting him with boredom, laziness, and the phantoms of women, which he overcame by the power of prayer, providing a theme for Christian art.

(The  Temptations of St  Anthony)
Giorgio Dante

Giorgio Dante

St. Tarcisius was a martyr of the early Christian church who lived in the 3rd century. The little that is known about him comes from a metrical inscription by Pope Damasus I, who was pope at least a century later.
He preferred death at the hands of a mob rather than deliver to them the Blessed Sacrament, which he was carrying. As Damasus compares him to St. Stephen, who was stoned to death, this may have been the manner of his end.
His story was greatly expanded by Nicholas Cardinal Wiseman, who portrays him as a young acolyte in his novel Fabiola, or the Church in the Catacombs.
He was originally buried in the Catacombs of San Callisto, but today his relics rest in the San Silvestro in Capite church in Rome.
His feast day is celebrated on 15 August, but, since that day is occupied by the Solemnity of the Assumption of Mary, he is not mentioned in the General Roman Calendar, but only in the Roman Martyrology.
He is the patron saint of altar servers and first communicants.

Giorgio Dante

Salvador Dali

Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe), also known as the Virgin of Guadalupe is a celebrated Catholic icon of the Virgin Mary.

According to tradition, Juan Diego, a simple indigenous peasant, saw a vision of a young woman on December 9, 1531.
While he was on the hill in the desert of Tepeyac near Mexico City, the lady told him to build a church exactly on the spot where they were standing.
He told the local bishop, who asked for some proof. He went back and saw the vision again.
He told the lady that the bishop wanted proof, and she said "Bring the roses behind you."
When he looked behind, he saw a bunch of roses growing. He cut the roses, placed them in his poncho and returned to the bishop.
When he arrived to the bishop, he said he had brought proof. When he opened his poncho, instead of roses there was a picture of the young lady in the vision.
Today, the icon is displayed in the Basilica of Guadalupe nearby, one of the most visited Catholic shrines in the world.
The Virgin of Guadalupe is Mexico's most popular religious and cultural image, with the titles "Queen of Mexico", "Empress of the Americas", and "Patroness of the Americas"; both Miguel Hidalgo (in the Mexican War of Independence) and Emiliano Zapata (during the Mexican Revolution) carried flags bearing the Our Lady of Guadalupe, and Guadalupe Victoria, the first Mexican president changed his name in honor of the icon.

Salvador Dali

Salvador Dali

Salvador Dali

Louis Smith

John Bedford

Peter Crawford
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2014

Peter Crawford
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2014

Peter Crawford
© Copyright Peter Crawford 2014


No comments: